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May rifle of the month Winchester 1895
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 Posted: Mon May 1st, 2006 04:45 AM
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1st Post
WildBill



Joined: Thu Aug 4th, 2005
Location: Grand Rapids, Minnesota USA
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The Winchester 1895 rifle

 


commercial Winchester M1895 "saddle ring" carbine in .30-06


hunting version of the Winchester M1895 rifle, chambered for .30-06



The Winchester 1895 rifle was developed by famous designer John Moses Browning as a hunting rifle, capable to safely handle long and powerful rifle ammunition, unsuitable for earlier Winchester lever-action rifles. Of about 426 thousands of M1895 rifles, made by Winchester between 1895 and 1931, about 300 thousands were made on Russian military contracts between 1915 and 1917. Of those, about 293,000 rifles reached Russia before the revolution broke out. Small numbers of Winchester 1895 rifles, chambered for .30-40 Krag ammunition and fitted into military-type stocks, also were acquired between the 1897 - 98 and used by US forces during the Spanish-American war.




US military issue Winchester M1895 rifle, with full-length stock and bayonet lug, in caliber .30-40 Krag
Russian-contract Winchester M1895 rifle, chambered for 7.62x54R Russian ammunition and fitted with bayonet lug and clip guides




The Winchester M1895 is a lever action, magazine-fed rifle. The horizontally sliding bolt is locked to the receiver by the vertically sliding locking piece, which slides in the receiver grooves up to lock the bolt and down to unlock it. The bolt is locked at its rear, just behind he the magazine, but the action is strong enough to safely handle such powerful cartridges as .30-06 or .405 WCF. Movement of the bolt is controlled by the manually operated lever. The interesting feature of the M1895 design is that the trigger is disconnected from internal lock work during the reloading cycle - a useful safety feature. An external hammer also provided additional visual control of the state of the rifle. The box magazine held five or six cartridges in a single column, and was loaded through the top opening in the receiver; spent cartridges also were ejected to the top. All M1895 rifles except the Russian-contract ones were loaded with single rounds; Russian-contract rifles were fitted with clip guides, and accepted standard stripper clips from Russian Mosin M1891 rifles. Military-type rifles were fitted with long stocks with straight grips and short forends, as well as bayonet lugs and sling swivels. Commercial rifles were available with various styles and grades of stocks. Most M1895 rifles were fitted with open tangent rear sights and unprotected blade front sights.




Diagram, showing the Winchester M1895 action




Few guns hold more mystique for American hunters than the 1895 Winchester rifle chambered for the .405 Winchester cartridge. That's what you get when the President of the United States calls his '95 rifle "Big Medicine" for lions and other dangerous beasts. Theodore Roosevelt used his '95 .405 on an African hunt with great success. The president hunted America's biggest game, such as moose, elk and bears, with his .405, too. At the time of its introduction, it was the most powerful commercially loaded round and rifle in the United States and remained so until Winchester chambered the Model 70 rifles for the .375 H&H in the late 1930s.

The 1895 rifle was the last and most powerful lever-action rifle designed by John Browning for Winchester. It would take the new rimmed and rimless smokeless powder ammunition and sharp-pointed bullets in a fixed box magazine. The magazine protruded below the receiver and gave the '95 its distinctive look. The magazine configuration has earned the rifle a reputation for being cumbersome. Actually, few Model 95s were sold. Less than 133,000 were made for the commercial market during its 35-year production run. By comparison, Winchester had already made more than one million Model 94s during the same period. The vast majority of the Model 1895s--293,000-odd--were made for the Imperial Russian army during World War I and chambered for its 7.62x54R round. After World War I, returning servicemen were sold on the bolt action, and the 1895's sales, never particularly strong, drooped. The rifle lingered on but grew an undeserved reputation for catastrophic failure (many .30-06 '95s as well as '03 Springfield blew up when 8mm Mauser ammo was accidentally substituted). That, combined with the Depression and slumping sales, caused the '95 to be discontinued in 1931.

Last edited on Thu May 4th, 2006 01:56 AM by WildBill



____________________
"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."

“Never Retreat...Just Reload.”



 Posted: Mon May 1st, 2006 04:48 AM
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2nd Post
WildBill



Joined: Thu Aug 4th, 2005
Location: Grand Rapids, Minnesota USA
Posts: 6090
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Are you a handloader?: No
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My favorite chambering is:: 308 ...
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I hope all of the pictures aren't over kill.  If they are sorry.  I'll remove them if needed.

Bill



____________________
"A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed."

“Never Retreat...Just Reload.”



 Posted: Wed May 3rd, 2006 10:13 PM
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3rd Post
Ranch 13
Full Member


Joined: Sat Apr 1st, 2006
Location: Hells Gap, Wyoming USA
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The 95 is one of the finest lever rifles ever built. I like my 405, and if Winchester/miroku would see fit to produce a 30-40 again I'ld own one of them.



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